Role of Agricultural Engineering in the Development of a Nation
Are you striving to pursue agricultural engineering as your future career? With the recent advancements in the field of agriculture, the qualification to become an agriculture engineer is gaining impetus in the recent times.
The term “agriculture engineer” implies a person who is trained in engineering and applies the engineering knowledge to agriculture & food, including biological & environmental concepts.
The overall objective of agricultural engineering is to offer a conducive working environment to the farmers.
It also aims to assure the farmers about the dignity in farming, improving the economic situation, and to making food available in the desired quality & quantity. Here are some of the main objectives of agricultural engineering to the nation’s development:
• Food Security: Food security is becoming an important concept across the worldwide nations. In India, the idea of food security revolves around ensuring that there is readily available food in the right quantity as well as quality and at highly affordable prices.
Food security can only be achieved if the food is available in abundant quantity and at commercial scale.
In the field of farming, agricultural engineering principles are practiced for ensuring that there is an adequate supply of food throughout the year.
• Development of Rural Infrastructure: Most of the large-scale programmes of agricultural development involve the development of the basic rural infrastructure.
These infrastructures include roads, water, electricity, markets, schools, waste management, energy supply systems, processing systems, and so more.
When all of these infrastructural systems are provided to the farm, the entire population is benefited. Therefore, agricultural engineering is referred to as the catalyst for the overall rural infrastructural development.
• Conservation of Natural Resources: The overall practice of agricultural engineering is based on the natural resources like soil, water, air, and manure.
Therefore, one of the major roles of agricultural engineering is to ensure that all of these natural resources are being utilized and managed in an optimum manner.
This would, in turn, assure the conservation of these natural resources. The practices of agricultural engineering like terracing, conservation tillage, erosion control and so more are aimed at soil and water conservation.
• Environment Management: The major part of agricultural engineering deals with the management of the overall environment.
First of all, the control of the environment includes with respect to that of animals and crops. The different practices of agriculture engineering offer the needed environmental conditions for the prosperity of animals and crops.
The second aspect of environmental management deals with the control & management of the solid & liquid waste disposal.
The third area of environmental management includes the control of natural resources, horticulture, and forestry.
• Sustainable Agriculture: The sustainable system of agriculture operates in such a way that the ability of future generations to practice agricultural practices is not compromised.
This is achieved through various optimization techniques offered by agricultural engineering.
If you wish to promote the nation’s growth, then you can pursue the lucrative course of agricultural engineering!